Introduction to Central Bank for Kids and Teens
This video explains the concept of a central bank in a simple, concise way for kids and beginners. It could be used by kids & teens to learn about central banks, or used as a money & personal finance resource by parents and teachers as part of a Financial Literacy course or K-12 curriculum.
Suitable for students from grade levels:
- Elementary School
- Middle School
- High School
The topics covered are:
- What is a central bank
- What is the purpose of a central bank
- What else do central banks do
- Some examples of central banks
- Are central banks part of the government
What is a central bank?
A central bank is also known as a reserve bank or monetary authority, and is often referred to as the banker’s bank.
What is the purpose of a central bank?
The main purpose of a central bank is to keep its country’s economy and financial system stable.
Regulating banks, including specifying the cash reserves the banks should maintain, makes sure that there is no misconduct and that peoples’ money is safe.
A central bank also acts as a lender of last resort and helps companies and even governments stay out of bankruptcy, which makes the country’s financial system more stable.
What else do central banks do?
Central banks can print money, provide banking services, manage foreign exchange reserves, supervise money transfer through interbank clearing systems, advise governments on financial policy, conduct economic research, etc.
Can you give me some examples of central banks?
Some of the main central banks are the US Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank, the Bank of Japan, and the Swiss National Bank.
Are central banks part of the government?
Most central banks are not government owned.
They are usually politically neutral, not-for-profit financial institutions that work in the best interest of the country, independent of the prevailing government.