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What is a Central Bank: A Simple Explanation for Kids, Teens and Beginners


Introduction to Central Bank for Kids and Teens

This video explains the concept of a central bank in a simple, concise way for kids and beginners. It could be used by kids & teens to learn about central banks, or used as a money & personal finance resource by parents and teachers as part of a Financial Literacy course or K-12 curriculum.

What is a Central Bank - A Simple Explanation for Kids Teens and Beginners
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Suitable for students from grade levels:

  • Elementary School
  • Middle School
  • High School

The topics covered are:


What is a central bank?

Central Bank for Kids Teens and Beginners - Printing Money
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A central bank is a financial institution that controls the creation and distribution of money for a specific country, or a group of countries.

Central banks also define monetary policies and laws, decide interest rates, and regulate banks in that country.

A central bank is also known as a reserve bank or monetary authority, and is often referred to as the banker’s bank.

What is the purpose of a central bank?

The main purpose of a central bank is to keep its country’s economy and financial system stable.

Through their monetary policies, they can increase or decrease the money supply as needed. Controlling interest rates ensures low unemployment, stable prices, and low inflation.

Regulating banks, including specifying the cash reserves the banks should maintain, makes sure that there is no misconduct and that peoples’ money is safe.

A central bank also acts as a lender of last resort and helps companies and even governments stay out of bankruptcy, which makes the country’s financial system more stable.

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What else do central banks do?

Central banks can print money, provide banking services, manage foreign exchange reserves, supervise money transfer through interbank clearing systems, advise governments on financial policy, conduct economic research, etc.

Central Bank for Kids - Printing Money and Independence from the Government
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Can you give me some examples of central banks?

Some of the main central banks are the US Federal Reserve, the European Central Bank, the Bank of Japan, and the Swiss National Bank.

Are central banks part of the government?

Most central banks are not government owned.

They are usually politically neutral, not-for-profit financial institutions that work in the best interest of the country, independent of the prevailing government.


Download Transcript: Ideal for Use by Teachers in their Lesson Plan to Teach Kids & Teens


What is a Central Bank
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